Italy is one of the richest countries in the World by number of cultural sites per square kilometre; however, geo-morphological, weather related and anthropogenic phenomena pose a constant threat to the structural integrity, and conservation status of the historic monuments and cultural sites. This put at risk the fruition and related economic exploitation of these assets, which are considered critical for the tourism sector.
Within the aforementioned scenario, AMOR provides relevant solutions across the entire business domains: AMOR aims at improving the decision-making and the programmatic capacity, by moving from an emergency interventions approach into a predictive restauration and conservation model.
Needs and benefits
AMOR targeted users are mainly represented by the Public Institutions responsible for safeguard and conservation of ancient monuments, like Mic, municipalities and regions.
The major needs expressed by AMOR users are:
To be aware about the status of conservation of monuments’ not easily reachable parts, such as walls’ top and roofs; this will allow a prompt detection of criticalities (wed vegetation, crack and humidity patterns, loss of materials, etc.) and support the decision-making phase for actions to be undertaken (maintenance/restauration);
To be aware about land/buildings’ movements, both by means of periodic monitoring satellite analysis, and based on historic analysis referred to precise periods;
To be aware about urban changes occurred over time in order to gain information not achievable differently.
To be informed about underground (terrain) and sub-superficial criticalities (vertical elements, such as walls).
To be aware about visitors’ behaviours and flows within virtually geofenced areas in order to gain information about related statistics (e.g., average dwell time).
To dispose of a web platform able to manage information derived by technological surveys for intervention planning.
Visitors’ major identified needs are:
A Mobile APP, offering certified information (both text and audio).
Innovative and emotional solutions of visit (directly on personal devices, fundamental in a pandemic/post-pandemic context), such as the Mixed Reality proposed by AMOR, for an emotional experience and for a better understanding of the ruins they are looking at during their visit.
The main targeted users have been identified, across the Italian territory, for the purpose of project participation / prototype testing / services’ demonstration.
Service/ system concept
AMOR is intended to provide solutions missing today, like thematic maps, velocity maps, photos, reports, monuments’ vulnerability values.
All this information has the main goal of supporting experts and responsible Institutions in terms of preventive conservation actions to be taken.
Space Added Value
AMOR utilised space assets are:
Earth Observation satellites (specifically Synthetic Aperture Radar sensors), Multispectral sensors and Global Navigation Satellites System.
AMOR pilot phase was succesfully closed after a demonstration period of six months, started on the 21st of April and concluded on the 20th of October 2022.
Objectives declared at the beginning of the project were successfully reached.
End-users, from public institutions (for safeguard solutions) to cultural visitors (for fruition solutions), were actively involved during the pilot phase and feedbacks were collected via questionnaires and via teleconferences and workshops held during the six months.
They all appreciated the AMOR services.
Official link to the project: https://business.esa.int/projects/amor